In the post-Cold War the world is witnessing the emergence of new forms of intra-state conflicts accompanied by a weakening of the nation-state’s traditional means of dealing with these. There is a visible need for substantial revision in conventional approaches and strategies aimed at transforming such conflicts. Conflict resolution agendas have in the last two decades for the most part been shaped by the political objective of bringing political and economic liberalization in the name of promoting of human rights, rule of law and democracy. However, these strategies often fail to take into consideration the complex social and cultural contexts of the local level. There is a gap in knowledge about the impact that governance agendas have on local conflict dynamics, especially in the cases where identity mobilisation is a prominent factor in the conflict. This project will analyse the premises and operation of governance initiatives in conflict transformation processes through a combination of fieldwork, qualitative analysis and theory development. It will carry out case studies encompassing recent governance practices in Bihar, Bosnia, Cyprus, Georgia, North East India and Kashmir. governance agendas have on local conflict dynamics, especially in the cases where identity mobilisation is a prominent factor in the conflict.
The project: "The role of Governance in the Resolution of Socioeconomic and Political Conflict in India and Europe - CORE" (under the SSH theme: "Cultures of Governance and Conflict Resolution in Europe and India") will be conducted in collaboration between Indian and European research teams. The project will review and critique current approaches to conflict resolution in an attempt to revise and improve both the theoretical and operational sides of conflict resolution and peace building. It will facilitate a reciprocal learning process between appropriate parties of the European Union and Indian actors and policy makers in order to enhance the perspectives and methods of both.
The project in specific aims at analysing the following areas of peacebuilding and governance:
- democratic institution building,
- development/ management of resources,
- human rights,
- rule of law,
- policing, and
- civil society.
These objectives will be obtained by combining targeted case studies with theoretical innovation, especially in view of the development on an understanding of an EU approach to peacebuilding and governance and a concurrent ‘post-colonial’ critique which has been aimed more directly at Western forms of intervention (i.e. the liberal peace framework).